the Russian revolution:
The zar, his family and the aristocrat in the country were very wealthy at the expense of the common population, who starved because of the zar´s
took advance of their labour.
Toy Manchester Terrier was very popular at the wealthy families. The more smaller the dog was, the more valuable was it. It was told, that those dogs could be valued to 10 times it´s weight in gold. ( In 2008: 1 ounce = 448.95 dollar !!!)
Painting from 1911
"A lady with a little dog" from 1906
painted by Konstatin Somow
The painting are at the Russian museum in St. Pedersborg
|Just after the
russian revolution / 7/17-1918) the zar and his family + many from the aristocrat were killed, because
common population were not satisfied with their poor
circumstances. Almost all of the small companydogs were killed too,
because nobody could afford to feed them ,without they were
Between 1920-1950 was almost all small companydogs dead.
After the Russian revolution:
After World War II began the work with restoring these dogs again . There were almost non pedigree dogs in Russia, and it was tried to put different breeds together. It was told, that Papilion and Chihuhua has been used together wit Manchester Toy Terrier.
Chihuahua - short-haired
Manchester Toy Terrier
Th 12th of October 1957 a litter from long-haired parents
( Dzhonni and Tutti) was born. There was a long-haired dog in this litter. It was purchased by a skilful breeder of Russian Toy, Eugenia Zharova from Moscow. She got registrated this Puppy, who was called Chikki. Chikki should later on be ancestor to Moscow Toy Terrier.
The first Moskow Toy Terrier - Chikki
|In 1981 the breed
was approved by The Russian Kynological Federation with a
short-haired and a long-haired variant, and
the breed was after that time called Russian Toy.
|The breed was approved by FCI in 2006, and the first Russian Toy came to Denmark Th 26th of July 2006 .One of the first importers was Grete Højer.Colli Mazasis Elfas( Jutta) is the first Danish Champion. In 2011 there are 23 long-haired and 3 smooth-haired Russian Toy registrated under The Danish Kennel Club, in Denmark. The first litter in Denmark was born Th 21st of September 2008 at kennel Roseheaven with Grete Højer.|
|FCI-standard, N° 352 /
12.06.2006 / GB
Russian Toy = Russkiy Toy
TRANSLATION : RKF, revised by R. Triquet and J. Mulholland.
ORIGIN : Russia.
DATE OF PUBLICATION OF THE ORIGINAL VALID STANDARD : 21.02.2006
UTILIZATION: Companion Dog.
CLASSIFICATION F.C.I..: Group 9 Companion and Toy dogs.
Section 9 Continental Toy Spaniels and Russian Toys.
Without working trial.
At the beginning of the 20th century, the English Toy
one of the most popular toy dogs in
The male was mated with a female which also had slightly long hair. Thus the longhaired variety of the Russian Toy appeared. It was called Moscow Longhaired Toy Terrier.
Toy with two varieties:
GENERAL APPEARANCE: A small elegant dog, lively, long-legged, with fine bone and lean muscles. Sexual dimorphism only slightly defined.
IMPORTANT PROPORTIONS: Square build. The height at elbows is only slightly more than half of the height at withers ; the chest is sufficiently deep.
BEHAVIOUR/TEMPERAMENT: Active, very cheerful, neither cowardly nor aggressive. The behaviour is significantly different between males and females.
HEAD: Small compared to the body.
Skull: High but not too wide (width at the level of zygomatic arches does not exceed the depth of the skull).Stop: Clearly pronounced.
Nose: Small, black or matching the coat colour.
Muzzle: Lean and pointed, slightly shorter than the skull.
Lips: Thin, lean, tight- fitting and dark or matching the coat colour.
Jaws/Teeth: Small, white. Scissor bite. Absence of 2 incisors permitted in each jaw.
Cheekbones: Only slightly pronounced.
Eyes: Quite large, rounded, dark, slightly prominent, set well apart and looking straight ahead. Eyelids are dark or matching the coat colour, tightly fitting.
Ears: Big, thin, set high, erect.
NECK: Long, lean, carried high, slightly arched.
Topline: Gradually sloping from the withers to the root of the tail.
Withers: Slightly pronounced.
Back: Strong and straight.
Loin: Short and slightly arched.Croup: The croup is somewhat rounded and slightly sloping.
Chest: The chest is oval, sufficiently deep and not too wide.Underline and Belly: Tucked up belly and drawn up flanks, forming a nicely curved line from the chest to the flanks.
TAIL: Docked (only two or three vertebrae are left), carried high. In countries where tail docking is prohibited by law, it is left in its natural state. Undocked: sickle tail. It should not be carried lower than back level.
FOREQUARTERS: Thin and lean; seen from the front, the front legs are straight and parallel.
Shoulders: The shoulder blades are moderately long and not too sloping.
Upper arm: Forming an angle of 105 degrees with the shoulder blade. The length of upper arm is approximately equal to the length of shoulder.
Elbows: In line with the body.
Forearm: Long, straight.
Carpus (Wrist): Lean.
Metacarpus (Pastern): Almost vertical.
Forefeet: Small, oval, turning neither in nor out. Toes well-knit and arched. Nails and resilient pads are black or match the coat colour.HINDQUARTERS: Seen from the rear, the hind legs are straight and parallel, but standing a little bit wider than the forelegs. Stifles and hocks are sufficiently bent.
Upper thigh: Muscles are lean and developed.
Lower thigh: The upper and lower thighs are of the same length.
Hock: Sufficiently angulated.
Metatarsus (Rear pastern): Vertical.
Hind feet: Arched , a little bit narrower than forefeet. Nails and pads are black or match the coat colour.
GAIT/MOVEMENT: Easy, straightforward, fast. No noticeable change in the topline when moving.
SKIN: Thin, dry and tight-fitting.
HAIR: There exists two types for the breed: smooth-haired and longhaired.
SIZE AND WEIGHT:
Height at withers: Dogs and bitches: 20 – 28 cm (tolerance +/- 1 cm)
Weight: Dogs and bitches: up to 3 kg.
FAULTS: Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree.
Any dogs clearly showing physical or behavioural abnormalities shall be disqualified.
NB: Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.
-FCI-St n° 352
FCI-Standard N° 352 / 12.06.2006 / GB
a Russian Toy?
Russian Toy is a little companydog, who loves to be near the Family. It enjoys a place in the Couch, or at the lap ! It is trusting and loving to everybody, and gets along very fine with other toy dogs. It is a lively dog, who loves to be outdoor in fine weather. It needs temperature at least 21º, beause of its law fat content and short coat at the Body. It is intelligent and is a quick learner. It is a breed, who is very house trained. It prefere to come outdoor, but if it is neccesary to be indoor, you can be sure it will do it one particular place and no other places! It loves a big soft place to sleep. You can watch how it enjoys to sink down into the pillow. They love to sleep tight to each other.
take care of a Russian Toy:
It needs to be groomed once a week, and the long hair at ears and tail combed carefully.
The teeth have to be cleaned once a week. Russian Toy has a tendency to tartar, which can be reduced by additing "Plaque-Off" to the food and offer chewingbones at least once a week. Their nails must be cut once a month.
I bath my Russian Toys every 3rd month with a good dogshampoo, and dry them with blow-dryer in order to avoid they getting cold.
They love to walk daily, but once in a while they can get their exerciseneed by playing in the garden. It is a energetic dog, who is lively, and love to play or getting small tasks as a challenge.
My Russian Toy have food in their bowls day and night. This because of their high energy-level.
Retain Puppy Teeth
It is very rare a Russian Toy will change all the puppy teeth with the permanent teeth
Normally will the puppy teeth be changed from 3 - 7 months of age. With the Russian Toy they retain in that case two rows of teeth will be formed.
It is often the canine teeth and front teeth, who retain and have to be removed by a Vet in anaesthesia about tha age of 7 months.
If the puppy teeth don´t be removed can following turn up:
1) Crooked teeth position.
3) The permanent teeth will not come forward.
4) Rest of food can stuck between the rows of teeth and cause bad breath and carries.
In order to counteract retain puppy teeth, sholud the puppy be given chew toys and soft food must be avoided.
It is probably heriditary disorder. It is particularly small breeds who get retain puppy teeth.
Normally will the root of the puppy tooth get dissolved by some speciel cells in the jaw, but by this disorder lacks this solution and the puppy teeth will consequently retain.
Patellar luxation can be seen in all breeds og dogs. The patellar ( " Knee Cap") is a small bone that protects the front of the stifle joint. The patella is held in place by ligaments and slides in a groove in the femur called the throchlea.
If the groove is too shallow, the knee cap will slip out when the knee bends. When the knee cap slips out of the groove. This is called "patellar luxation". Patellar luxation is usually an inherited defect, which occurs during the developmental stages of the fetus and is rarely acquired as a result of trauma.
As the breed is new in Denmark, there have not been observed any other healthproblems.Up to now there have been no informations about problems from the native country of the breed ( Russia)
|Danish Champion +
Father, mother and dauther together